THE HON. DR. KENNY D. ANTHONY
PRIME MINISTER, MINISTER FOR FINANCE,
PLANNING, INFORMATION AND
THE PUBLIC SERVICE OF SAINT LUCIA
BEFORE THE FIFTY-SECOND REGULAR SESSION
OF THE UNTIED NATIONS GENERAL ASSEMBLY
OCTOBER 03, 1997
Mr. Secretary General
Distinguished Heads of Stated
Ambassadors Extraordinary and Plenipotentiary
Mr delegation welcomes the experience and expertise which you bring to the
leadership of this Session of the General Assembly, and would like to applaud
you predecessor, Ambassador Raazali Ismail of Malaysia, for his outstanding
contribution during the 51st Session.
We feel a quiet sense of elation that you, Mr Secretary General, have emerged as
the personification of the new possibilities of the United nations. Your recent
succession to the distinguished position of Secretary General of this esteemed
body is symbolic of the New Vision and the New Order which heralds our entry
into the Twenty-first Century.
THE IMPULSE FOR HUMANISM
Mr. President, our historical moment is a defining one. Change has brought us to
the stage at which we can either transform or be transformed. All of us - large
as well as small nations; individuals as ell as governments - are challenged to
make a decisive break with the old ways of doing and seeing things. People of
our planet continue to yearn for justice, equality and fairness; the human
spirit continues to thirst for all that is good and beautiful, the soul of
humankind is still seeking to reinvent itself in ways that are noble, kind,
compassionate and caring. That is the new wave that is beginning to swell on the
cusp of the new millennium and we can discern its gathering momentum in the
emotive milestones of the past few months. The expression of universal public
grief infused with private intensity over the deaths of Mother Teresa and Diana,
Princess of Wales; the donation of one billion dollars by Ted Turner to UN
charitable causes - these are the affirmations of the emergent humanist
temperament of the new age. Mr. President, in these times, this esteemed body
must welcome the inspiration of those who by their example, generosity,
selflessness and courage, seek to protect the defenseless in a bid to reshape
the horizons of our common humanity.
It is a global wave sweeping local shores as well as distant ones. In my own
tropical corner of our global village, Saint Lucia, the people elected on May
23, 1997, a new government with a decisive mandate predicated on a vision of
hone, change and possibility.
The wave of the people's aspirations at the national level is faced with its own
counter-turbulence in the conduct of relations among states. Arrayed against
this popular impulse for humanism in the affairs of state is the assertion of
all that has been selfish, greedy and exploitative. The powerful continue to
parade their might without any regard. They exercise their influence without any
compassion, and accumulate their wealth without any charity.
The icons of free trade, market liberalization and economic liberalism represent
the hardening of the arteries of human conscience in the sphere of commerce. The
movement away from concerns of social and economic justice to the preoccupation
with market forces and economic rationality is leading inexorably, to a new
world order at odds with the impulse of the world's billions for a more caring
and compassionate world.
At the level of the international system, we are witnessing a rolling back of
the strictures of social responsibility, the progressive erosion of the capacity
to respond and the annihilation of the ill to act humanely. We see the
incapacity to care for the welfare of the people; the apathy to address their
growing material depravation; and, most frighteningly, the calculated
institutional insensitivity to the plight of the disadvantaged who wish to
continue to earn with dignity and by the sweat of their brow.
WTO RULING AND IMPLICATIONS FOR SMALL STATES
Mr. President, there is no better example of this callous disregard than the
situation facing Africa Caribbean and Pacific countries, (ACP), and in
particular the banana producers of the Caribbean. Only last month, the small
banana producing countries of the Caribbean Community received a particularly
harsh and crushing blow, when the Appeals Board of the World Trade Organisation,
upheld an earlier finding that the preferential treatment accorded in the
European market to bananas of the Member State of the ACP contravened WTO rules
on free trade.
Mr. President, the intent behind the current move towards globalization as
manifested in the World Trade Organization is, evidently, most commendable.
Indeed, Saint Lucia was amongst the founding members of the WTO. We were led to
believe that the WTO would help to raise the living standards of our peoples,
and by emulating the ideals of the United Nations, promote fairness in world
trade. It was our hope that it would end, once and for all, the law of the
jungle as the dominant feature of international commercial relations. In short,
Mr. President, it was hoped the WTO would establish a standard of arbitration
premised on fairness, civilised negotiation of vital interests and the
inculcation of equity in international trade and commerce.
The WTO ruling on the European banana regime is nothing short of a capitulation
to the machinations of those who are blinded by free trade and sheer greed. We
speak in these strong terms because the world community must understand that the
WTO and the complainants to the European banana regime, completely and
steadfastly ignored the fact that the import of its ruling is the economic and
social destruction of a number of small member states of this august body, who,
together, enjoy a minuscule 2.5% of the world trade in bananas and only 5% of
the European market.
Mr. President, consider for a moment the flaws in the process through which the
WTO's Dispute Settlement Body sought to resolve this issue. The initial Panel,
did not have a single representative from a developing country although the
matter was of utmost importance to developing countries. To render fair play
even more remote, the Appellate Board was chaired by an American, despite the
fact that the principal complainant was the USA. While that may have been
permissible within the rules, surely good sense and fairness should have
dictated that it was nothing but highly improper and undesirable. But then, even
the nature of the major complainant was improper - the USA does not produce a
single banana for export. Yet, while it activated and participated in the
proceedings, we, the banana producing countries, were denied the right to full
participation and relegated to the sidelines as spectators.
The WTO has dismally failed to match up to the commendable goals which inspired
its creation. The implementation of the ruling will bring about a generalised
reduction in the living standards of our peoples and an acceleration of poverty.
Mr. President, far from providing reassurance of a civilised approach to
resolving world trade disputes, the ruling leaves a lingering suspicion that
"might" will still always be "right" and that the strong and
powerful will always be able to use the system to achieve their own ends
regardless of the human dislocation and suffering that results.
REFORM TO WTO PROCEDURE
Mr. President, if the WTO is to be if any value to us small, developing
countries, there must be fundamental reform to its system of dispute
settlements. This is essential because the implications of the scope of the
ruling on bananas are not confined to bananas only. The ruling raises questions
about other import arrangements for agricultural goods as well as the future of
trade and development cooperation agreements between rich and poor countries.
The real challenge to WTO is not how effective its Dispute Settlement Body can
be in rigidly applying the letter of its regulations, but rather whether the
process by which decisions are arrived, is perceived as being fair. The system
must be reformed so that it takes account of the consequences of the
implementation of its ruling. It must of necessity consider the impact of its
decisions, particularly as in the case of the ruling of the banana regime, the
affected countries have small, vulnerable and fragile economies.
Mr. President, trade and development must, in the final analysis, be about the
development of people. Therefore, the WTO criteria for settling disputes must be
redesigned to take account of social, health, cultural and environmental issues.
If national security issues can be raised as a reason why a law of one powerful
country should not be brought before WTO jurisdiction, then why should the WTO
not take into account the special social and economic circumstances of small,
vulnerable countries in its dispute deliberations ? What is the point of the
WTO's Dispute Body rigidly applying rules, when in so doing, it takes decisions,
which are in direct contrast to the very principles which justified its
existence ? In such a situation, Mr. President, the principles become worthless
and the organisation becomes amenable to manipulation.
Mr. President, we do not seek international charity for our banana farmers. We
seek only fairness and opportunity. We are not irrevocably opposed to free trade
but we need fair trade. We are a proud people seeking to earn our living in as
honest a manner that the wealth of nations permits.
PROTECTING THE SPIRIT OF LOME
Mr. President, the nations of the European Union, entered into a partnership for
development with us when, together we signed the Treaty of LOME. We call upon
them not to cast aside their solemn commitments and obligations under that
Treaty, as they respond to those who want this most unfair ruling by the WTO,
implemented immediately and in its entirety. We are heartened by the statements
so far from the European Commission expressing the EU's deep concern about the
negative political, economic and social effects of the WTO ruling on a number of
ACP countries. We take comfort in the Commission's expression of its intention
to take these factors into account and to stand by the EU's International
obligations and the principles of its developmental policy. We welcome also the
statements of support for Caribbean banana producers from the European
Parliament and its call for the revision of criteria used by the WTO in the
resolution of trade disputes. We look forward to working with the European Union
to find a formula which will allow us continued access to the banana market in a
manner which will permit our farmers to continue earning a decent and dignified
living. Mr. President, we urge the European Union to be steadfast in protecting
the spirit and the substance of its obligations under the LomJ Convention, to
remain committed to ensuring development and equity in international economic
relations and to remain faithful to its ACP friends.
REDEFINITION OF OUR FOREIGN POLICY
Mr. President, such are the challenges confronting the small, the weak and the
proud. It is within such a context of an uncertain international system that my
country has to shape its foreign policy. The changing characteristics of the
international system have necessitated that we redefine the boundaries of our
alliances. We must look beyond the sea of uncertainty to the mountains of
possibility. The contemporary confluence of forces challenges us to create new
relationships to assist in our social and economic development. Having been
forced out of our traditional partnerships, we must be guided by the imperative
of finding and mobilising new sources of investment that are predicated on
creating new paths to sustainable growth. For us, foreign policy is about
building bridges to other people, other cultures and other markets. It is about
contributing to the emergence of a new climate of tolerance and international
understanding; it is about matching domestic need with international
Consistent with these basic principles, Saint Lucia has proceeded in a direction
which the majority of the states of the world have already trod by establishing
diplomatic links with the People's Republic of China.
Mr. President, Saint Lucia will always cherish the principles of respect for
sovereignty, territorial integrity and the rule of international law. All
countries, regardless of size, must have the comfort of these irrevocable
principles and be secure in the confidence that the conduct of nations will be
guided by them.
EFFECTS OF RECENT US POLICIES
Mr. President, it is in this context of these basic principles that we urge the
United States of America to reexamine some of its recent policies towards the
states of the Caribbean. Its lead role in the challenge to our banana marketing
regime has damaged our peoples confidence in its declarations of friendship. Its
new immigration laws are causing apprehension and dislocation for thousands of
persons who originated from the Caribbean and is eroding the bridges between our
peoples. The imminent deportation of persons who have lived for decades in the
USA will create a humanitarian problem of mass proportions. This is no longer a
domestic matter. The consequences for the Human Rights of those affected, has
transformed it into a subject for international concern.
The deportation also, of persons who have become trained criminals to lands they
do not know as home, is further rocking the social and economic fabric of our
democracies. If there is a law of unintended consequences, the USA, must accept
the negative repercussions of its policies. It must therefore embark on
corrective action to undo the damages which these policies have unleashed on the
peoples of the Caribbean Community.
REFORM OF THE UNITED NATIONS
Mr. President, it is our concern for fairness, equity and democratization in the
conduct of international relations that has caused Saint Lucia to embrace and
support the process of reform of the United Nations itself. Saint Lucia firmly
believes that if the United Nations is to adequately address the challenges of
the coming century, then three things must happen.
First, member States must honour their financial obligations to the body. Saint
Lucia continues to believe that the UN financial crisis can be alleviated if all
member States large and small, rich and poor, do so in a timely manner without
conditions. A united Nations that is financially weak that lurches from one
budget crisis to another, is in no condition to confront and overcome the
challenges facing mankind. If there is to be financial reform then the
precarious financial existence of the UN must be consigned to the dustbin of
Secondly, the UN itself must take steps to become more efficient and effective.
We need a United Nations where waste is abhorred, where the churning out of
documents for documents sake, at a cost of millions of dollars is no longer a
priority. We need a United Nations that is leaner, but more capable of making
the maximum use of its resources.
Thirdly, the UN must become more responsive to the needs of all its member
States. For the majority of the UN's member States, the need is for sustainable
development, for the eradication of poverty and of illiteracy. We need a UN that
will show an even greater sensitivity to those needs.